References and Further Reading 1. Extending Moral Standing As noted above, perhaps the most fundamental question that must be asked when regarding a particular environmental ethic is simply, what obligations do we have concerning the natural environment?
Expressed consent is clearly and unmistakably stated, rather than implied. It may be given in writingby speech orallyor non-verballye. Non-written express consent not evidenced by witnesses or an audio or video recording may be disputed if a party denies that it was given.
Informed consent in medicine is consent given by a person who has a clear appreciation and understanding of the facts, implications, and future consequences of an action. The term is also used in other contexts, such as in social scientific research, when participants are asked to affirm that they understand the research procedure and consent to it.
Unanimous consentor general consent, by a group of several parties e. Substituted consent, or the substituted judgment doctrine, allows a decision maker to attempt to establish the decision an incompetent person would have made if he or she were competent. Tort Consent can be either expressed or implied.
For example, participation in a contact sport usually implies consent to a degree of contact with other participants, implicitly agreed and often defined by the rules of the sport. For example, businesses Sentiment and social intuition beliefs of require that persons sign a waiver called a liability waiver acknowledging and accepting the hazards of an activity.
This proves express consent, and prevents the person from filing a tort lawsuit for unauthorised actions. In English lawthe principle of volenti non fit injuria applies not only to participants in sport, but also to spectators and to any others who willingly engage in activities where there is a risk of injury.
Consent has also been used as a defense in cases involving accidental deaths during sexwhich occur during sexual bondage. Time May 23, referred to this latter example, as the "rough-sex defense".
It is not effective in English law in cases of serious injury or death. As a term of jurisprudence prior provision of consent signifies a possible defence an excuse or justification against civil or criminal liability.
Informed consent The question of consent is important in medical law. For example, a medical practitioner may be liable for harm to a patient by a procedure which was not consented to. There are exemptionssuch as when the patient is unable to give consent.
This was explored in Australia in Rogers v Whitaker.
|Consent - Wikipedia||In view of this, I might have done better to avoid it altogether. Instead of the term 'intentional' the Scholastics very frequently used the expression 'objective'.|
|An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.||Competing with myths about the social and emotional development of gifted students by Tracy Cross As a wise person Lao Tsu once said, "Nothing is more difficult than competing with a myth. Gifted students should be with students their own age|
This change reflects the Guidance of the General Medical Council on the requirement to consent patients, and removes the rule of medical paternalism. Federal law governs social science research that involves human subjectsand tasks institutional review boards IRBs at universities, federal or state agencies, and tribal organizations to oversee social science research that involves human subjects and to make decisions about whether or not informed consent is necessary for a social scientific study to go forward.
However, researchers are required to debrief participants immediately after the experiment is concluded. Certain populations are considered to be vulnerable, and in addition to informed consent, special protections must be made available to them. These include persons who are incarcerated, pregnant women, persons with disabilities, and persons who have a mental disability.
Children are considered unable to provide informed consent. Achieving permission results in getting "Resource consent" or "Building consent".
Creative campaigns with attention-grabbing slogans and images that market consent can be effective tools to raise awareness of campus sexual assault and related issues.
Children or minors below a certain age, the age of sexual consent in that jurisdictionare deemed not able to give valid consent by law to sexual acts.
He also demonstrated how the moral notion of consent does not always align with the legal concept. For example, some adult siblings or other family members may voluntarily enter into a relationship, however the legal system still deems this as incestual, and therefore a crime.
However the law does not view this as legitimate. Whilst there is a necessity for an age of consent, it does not allow for varying levels of awareness and maturity.
Here it can be seen how a moral and a legal understanding do not always align. This is the approach endorsed by colleges and universities in the U.Manufacturing the Deadhead: A Product of Social Engineering By Joe Atwill and Jan Irvin May 13, Version , May 17, Articles in this series: 1) R.
Gordon Wasson: The Man, the Legend, the Myth. Beginning a New History of Magic Mushrooms, Ethnomycology,and the Psychedelic Revolution.
By Jan Irvin, May 13, 2) Read more →. Consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another.
It is a term of common speech, but may have more specific definitions in such fields as the law, medicine, research, and sexual relationships.
John Dewey, American Pragmatist.
A wing of the Pragmatism Cybrary. John Dewey () was an American psychologist, philosopher, educator, social critic and political activist. He was born in Burlington, Vermont, on 20 October Dewey graduated from the University of Vermont in , and received his PhD from Johns . Immanuel Kant () Kant's most original contribution to philosophy is his "Copernican Revolution," that, as he puts it, it is the representation that makes the object possible rather than the object that makes the representation possible [§14, A92/B, note].This introduced the human mind as an active originator of experience rather than .
[Content note: hostility toward social justice, discussion of various prejudices] “Words! Words! Words! I’m so sick of words! I get words all day through.
Nov 29, · Well, there ain't no goin' back when your foot of pride come down Ain't no goin' back - Bob Dylan The latest on Michael Ruppert is that he's left Venezuela after four months which saw "sudden drops in blood pressure, blood sugar crashes, dizziness, weakness, paresthesis of lips and fingers, small kidney stones, heavy calcification of the urinary tract and prostate, cloudy urine and chronic.