The reasons for the Russian Revolution and the murder of the whole Romanov family are much more complicated and go back to a history of autocratic rule for the benefit of a few, while the peasants lived on the brink of starvation. The power of the Russian Tsar had no limits. The country had no constitution, meaning that there were no set rules for governing and the Tsar's was worshipped as a god, who was believed to have divine powers and the divine right to rule and could do whatever he wanted. The downfall of the Romanov Dynasty marked an end of autocratic rule under the power of the Tsar and the beginning of a search for different system of government for Russia.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Upon his death, his son Russia tsar nicholas the second essay assumed the throne, becoming the Tsar of the Russian people being known as Nicholas II.
This meant that Nicholas II had little practical knowledge of the country he now ruled. He emancipated the serfs, giving them greater freedoms. While a popular move, Alexander II failed to understand the problem that radical change of the social system would mean that a radical change in the political system was needed.
While Alexander II was willing to concede some of his powers to local councils, he did not want to lose his autocratic will. His reforms were designed so that personal freedom came at the price of safeguarding autocracy, holding on to power.
The implications of this were not fully understood, Alexander II began a reform which frequently stopped and started, in fact making political and social tensions worse.
The government wanted industrial growth, peace in the nation thus strengthening the country and army however they faced opposition from radical political groups such as the SR and the Marxists and more moderate political groups such as the liberals, this opposition was known as russification.
Alexander II began to crack down on the revolutionaries with violent force resulting in further discontent. Having seen what happened to his father when he tried to reform, Alexander III did not want to concede anymore power and in fact begun taking it away by removing power from the zemstvos and instituting policies of one language and nationality, being Russianwith minorities having this imposed upon them.
He strengthened the secret police and introduced new methods of cracking down on the revolutionaries and numbers of arrests increased for those who criticised the government.
He also had Konstantin Pobedonostsev, his former tutor become tutor to Nicholas; Pobedonostsev instilled the value in Nicholas of divine right to rule. He was also the Procurator of the Russian Orthodox Church; the Church had significant influence in the governance of Russia and was opposed to significant reform.
This coupled with an outdated autocratic system meant that Russia and Nicholas II were ill prepared to deal with the demands of its people meaning that the political system was dangerously on the verge of collapsing due to the changes in the social structure of Russia during the 19th century.
Some of the nobility held positions in the government and military but were there because of influence, not merit meaning that many key officials were corrupt or incompetent, resulting in a problem of how to deliver efficient government.
Also, an increasing number were moving to cities so communication between them and the peasants on their land was difficult. The middle classes were far smaller and were made up of professionals such as bankers and merchants who were in privileged jobs and cultural life.
The peasants were mostly ex serfs and were subject to economic restrictions. This meant that life was hard for them as they struggled to provide for their families; especially during bad harvests many were poor and uneducated. Some peasants such as the Kulaks were better off.
Disease was widespread and living conditions for them were poor. The inequality in the social structure led to much resentment among the large peasant population who turned to radical groups such as the Bolsheviks and along with the repression from the previous Tsars, Nicholas II got a social system that was at risk of declining due to the inequality and lack of modern political and economic rights.
The economy was a key issue for the government; both Tsar Alexander II and III believed that a strong modern economy would lead to a stronger government and military. Russia was an overwhelmingly rural country and as such was an agricultural based economy relying on production and exports to survive.
These economic difficulties were due to industry being held back by taxes on foreign imports, transport problems as Russia was a large country with an outdated transport system, restrictions on stock companies and a loss of cheap labour due to the emancipation of the serfs.
Finally, Russia was indebted to France after successive loans which affected their foreign policy as they were essentially being held to ransom by the French.
So Nicholas II inherited an economy that was struggling to keep up with its rivals and failing to help society. The climate in Russia is cold, a lot of cold weather caused delays in transport across the country and communication was difficult over such a large area.
While many would think a large country would be an advantage, with an outdated political and economic system, defending and controlling it were very difficult with their major cities at risk in the West and difficulties in defending the coastline.
While perhaps it is no fault of the Tsars that Russia is such a large country, it can be said that their economic policies hampered modernisation of the transport and industrial system.
They had no idea about how to control this so in effect, Nicholas II inherited a large country that was struggling to travel across its own land. To conclude, Nicholas II suffered mostly because of the mistakes of the previous Tsars. He ascended as an autocrat, but the autocracy in Russia was becoming outdated and the position was unable to cope with a modernising country, especially with it now being occupied by a weak man.
The political system had lost much credibility due to the failure of reforms and the unequal social structure meant that increasing numbers of peasants were disenchanted with the way that they were being treated, leading to social tensions.With the mounting pressures of World War I, combined with years of injustice toppled the rule of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in March F.
Describe the Russia that Tsar Nicholas II Inherited Essay Sample. On the 1st of November , Tsar Alexander III of Russia died of nephritis. Upon his death, his son Nicholas assumed the throne, becoming the Tsar of the Russian people being known as Nicholas II.
Nicholas Ii of Russia and Tsar Essay. Written by Tsar Nicholas himself, Source B showcases an extract from the October Manifesto, implemented in the year Tsar Nicholas II essaysThe Tsar of Russia was a position that required leadership skills, good decision-making ability and an aptitude for hard work.
Although Nicholas II possessed some skills that would be advantages to this position overall he was not suitable to be the Tsar of Russia. Nicholas I.
This Essay Russia: Tsar Nicholas the Second and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on ashio-midori.com Autor: review • February 8, • Essay • Words (3 Pages) • Views. Russia: Nicholas Ii of Russia and World War Essay.
February was a massive upheaval for the people of Russia, especially in Petrograd. For years tension had been brewing due to the effects of many different aspects of life in Russia, like the personality of the Tsar and the inconsistency of the Duma.