Nature versus nurture Although developmental change runs parallel with chronological age,  age itself cannot cause development. Environmental factors affecting development may include both diet and disease exposure, as well as social, emotional, and cognitive experiences. Plasticity of this type can occur throughout the lifespan and may involve many kinds of behavior, including some emotional reactions. Genetic-environmental correlations are circumstances in which genetic factors make certain experiences more likely to occur.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss-born developmental psychologist who was most famous for his theory of childhood cognitive development. While both men were known for their immense contributions to developmental theory, their theories had many notable differences.
Basic Perspective Although both were developmental psychologists, Piaget and Bronfenbrenner differed in their basic theories of how children develop. Bronfenbrenner took a sociocultural perspective, with development occurring primarily through interaction with societal and environmental influences.
In contrast, Piaget took a cognitive perspective, theorizing that children develop mentally in conjunction with their physiological development.
Piaget theorized a four-stage model of development, consisting of sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages.
Throughout these stages, the child learns certain cognitive tasks, each one increasing his relationship to the outside world. These include microsystems, mesosystems, exosystems and macrosystems.
These systems span from immediately close influences, such as family, friends and peers microsystems to larger influences such as school boards and employment agencies meso- and exosystems to cultural, political and economic influences macrosystems.
Considerations Although both theorists were major influences on the field of child development, the implications of the work of Piaget and Brofenbrenner differed considerably.
He also had an impact on education by showing the importance of age-appropriate learning. Brofenbrenner has influenced views on the impact of social policy on the individual, particularly in the area of education.However, in contrast, Vygotsky believed that given proper help and assistance, children could perform a problem that Piaget would consider to be out of the child's mental capabilities.
The zone is the area at which a child can perform a challenging task, given appropriate help (Woolfolk, A., ).
Curricular Emphasis Subject matter of mind: literature, history, philosophy, religion Subject matter of physical world: science, math Subject matter of social experience.
Creation of new social order Subject matter of personal choice Teaching Method Teach for handling ideas: lecture, discussion.
The Difference Between Piaget and Bronfenbrenner Theories. Urie Bronfenbrenner was a Russian-born developmental psychologist who was famous for his social theories of child development and who helped to found the Head Start program in the United States.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss-born developmental psychologist who was. 1 Developmental and Learning Theories Gesell Freud Erikson Skinner Bandura Vygotsky Piaget Gardner Maslow Bronfenbrenner Questions Asked •Questions asked by educators include: –How do children develop?
–What do children learn and in what order? –What affects learning? –Do all children develop in the same ways? –What are the . Also called "development in context" or "human ecology" theory, ecological systems theory, originally formulated by Urie Bronfenbrenner specifies four types of nested environmental systems, with bi-directional influences within and between the systems.
The four systems are microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the views held by Vygotsky, Bronfenbrenner, and Cole on culture as a context for development.
Vygotsky’s Theory of Development as Related to Culture One of the influences on Vygotsky’s () concept of development was Marx’s theory of society, also known .