Both empires were relatively tolerant of other faiths, but Mongol empire was The Islamic empire and the Mongol empire emerged as a result of prolonged and bloody military campaigns in many countries extending over a number of different regions.
Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.
In the Western Roman Empire, the fall of the west left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of fragmented regional kingdoms. In India, the tradition of weak centralized power coupled with the Hindu caste system contributed to the social stability after the fall of the Gupta empire.
The Indian Ocean trade route becomes more prosperous as a result of the collapse of classical empires in Rome and China, which had helped secure the overland trade routes. The rapid growth of Islam after shaped events and societies in parts of Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia.
They were based in Damascus and established a hereditary monarchy. The set up a bureaucratic structure that used local administrators. Cultures were tolerated as long as they obeyed the rules of the caliphate, and payed a special tax and did not revolt.
Arabic was the language used for trade and government. Abbasid Caliphate - They moved the capital to Baghdad, which was the second largest city in the world then.
The size made it difficult to control, and their empire was weakened due to the heavy use of slaves, known as Mamluks. The Mamluks served in the army and eventually weakened the Abbasid rule. By the mid 9th century, the Abbasid Caliphate had been broken into smaller states, but Islam was the cultural continuity.
Areas under Muslim control were known as "Dar al-Islam". Muslim merchants spread improved irrigation in the region, which led to increases in food production and population.
Cities flourished and manufactured pottery, fabrics and rugs. Paper was introduced from China, and they set up paper mills. Mosques, hospitals, schools and orphanages were set up throughout the empire, which allowed for the spread of intellectual ideas such as algebra, Greek learning, and latitude and longitude.
Universities were also established, such as those in Toledo, Cordoba, and Granada. Women - In early Islamic society, Islam appealed to women because they had equal status in the eyes of God. Women could keep their dowries as wives and female infanticide was prohibited. Byzantine Empire 4th century - C.
Emperor Justinian attempted to reconquer the western portion, but failed. He did succeed at codifying Roman laws Justinian's Code.
He controlled religious and political life and replaced Latin with Greek as the official language. The Byzantine Empire was a strong centralized hereditary monarchy. It had an effective military and a bureaucracy the answered to the emperor.
The empire was administered by dividing it into themes - military districts - controlled by generals. The Emperor was considered the head of the church and appointed the patriarch. This concept was called caesaropapism. Its central location on the Mediterranean Sea allowed trade to flourish, especially in the capital of Constantinople.
Silk worms were smuggled out of China, which allowed the Byzantines to develop a silk industry, while artisans produced glassware, linen, jewelry, gold and silver.
Socially, people could move up through military service, but this was rare.
Their growth was due largely to the increase in trade along the Indian Ocean Basin. Bantu settlers on the coast and Arab merchants who traded along the east African coast interacted to create city-states such as Mogadishu, Sofala, and Kilwa.
Swahili is a language that blends Bantu and Arabic. Merchants traded gold, slaves and ivory for pottery, glassware, and textiles from Persia, India and China.The Yuan dynasty in China collapsed in , and the last of the Mongol states, the Golden Horde, would largely be destroyed by the next creator of a great inner Asian empire, Tamerlane.
Yet for somewhat more than a century, the Mongols had presided over what was arguably the peak period of the overland Silk Road trade. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Compare and Contrast the Political and Economic Effects of Mongol Rule on Two of the Following Regions: China Middle East Russia" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
The Yuan dynasty (/ j u ˈ ɑː n /; Chinese: 元 朝; pinyin: Yuán Cháo), officially the Great Yuan (Chinese: 大 元; pinyin: Dà Yuán; Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
It followed the Song dynasty and preceded the Ming dynasty. Both the Yuan and the Il-Khan were militaristic and conquered land, which led to a tribute-based economy. The Yuan maintained a stable bureaucracy, whereas the Il-Khan had many economic troubles.
The two khanates were developed upon similar economic and political foundations. Both lived as pastoral nomadic peoples. The Islamic empire and the Mongol empire emerged as a result of prolonged and bloody military campaigns in many countries extending over a number of different regions.
The comparative essay requires that students compare and contrast how at least two civilizations or nations have undergone or responded to a historical event or experience.
the Yuan, meaning “great beginnings” it was the “Khanate of the Golden Horde”.