Describe any previous educational experience essay Describe any previous educational experience essay.
In some cases a natural disaster e. Other factors such as a Malthusian catastropheoverpopulation or resource depletion might be the proximate cause of collapse. Significant inequity may combine with lack of loyalty to established political institutions and result in an oppressed lower class rising up and seizing power from a smaller wealthy elite in a revolution.
The diversity of forms that societies evolve corresponds to diversity in their failures. This view of the collapse of the Roman Empire is challenged, however, by modern historians who see Rome as merely transforming from the Western Empire into barbarian kingdoms as the Western Emperors delegated themselves out of existence, and the East transforming into the Byzantine Empirewhich only fell in AD.
Later Mongol leaders, such as Timurthough he himself became a Muslim, destroyed many cities, slaughtered thousands of people and did irreparable damage to the ancient irrigation systems of Mesopotamia.
These invasions transformed a civil society to a nomadic one. Societal collapse of many indigenous cultures has occurred as a result of European imperialism in various parts of the globe, particularly in areas where European settler communities took possession of land once held by native peoples, in Latin America and North America, and in Australasia.
The effects of this dispossession are still evident in many of the problems confronting indigenous cultures, including alcoholismhigh rates of incarcerationsuicide rates and fraternal violence.
For this evil grew upon us rapidly, and without attracting attention, by our men becoming perverted to a passion for show and money and the pleasures of an idle life, and accordingly either not marrying at all, or, if they did marry, refusing to rear the children that were born, or at most one or two out of a great number, for the sake of leaving them well off or bringing them up in extravagant luxury.
How can the commonwealth be preserved if we neither marry nor produce children? Surely you are not expecting some to spring up from the earth to succeed to your goods and to public affairs, as myths describe.
It is neither pleasing to Heaven nor creditable that our race should cease and the name of Romans meet extinguishment in us, and the city be given up to foreigners,—Greek or even barbarians. We liberate slaves chiefly for the purpose of making out of them as many citizens as possible; we give our allies a share in the government that our numbers may increase: Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message There are three main types of collapse: In cases of collapse, civilizations tend to revert to less complex, less centralized socio-political forms using simpler technology.
These are characteristics of a Dark Age. Examples of such societal collapse are: Alternately, a society may be gradually incorporated into a more dynamic, more complex inter-regional social structure. Vast numbers of people in the society die, or the birth rate plunges to a level that causes a dramatic depopulation.
Other changes that may accompany a collapse: Complex societies stratified on the basis of class, gender, race or some other salient factor become much more homogeneous or horizontally structured.
In many cases past social stratification slowly becomes irrelevant following collapse and societies become more egalitarian. One of the most characteristic features of complex civilizations and in many cases the yardstick to measure complexity is a high level of job specialization.
The most complex societies are characterized by artisans and tradespeople who specialize intensely in a given task. Indeed, the rulers of many past societies were hyper-specialized priests or priestesses who were completely supported by the work of the lower classes. During societal collapse, the social institutions supporting such specialization are removed and people tend to become more generalized in their work and daily habits.
As power becomes decentralized, people tend to be more self-regimented and have many more personal freedoms. In many instances of collapse, there is a slackening of social rules and etiquette.
Geographically speaking, communities become more parochial or isolated. For example, following the collapse of the Maya civilizationmany Maya returned to their traditional hamlets, moving away from the large cities that had dominated the political landscape.
Institutions, processes, and artifacts are all manifest in the archaeological record in abundance in large civilizations. After collapse, evidence of epiphenomena, institutions, and types of artifacts change dramatically as people are forced to adopt more self-sufficient lifestyles. Societal collapse is almost always associated with a population decline.
In extreme cases, the collapse in population is so severe that the society disappears entirely, such as happened with the Greenland Vikingsor a number of Polynesian islands. In less extreme cases, populations are reduced until a demographic balance is re-established between human societies and the depleted natural environment.Alcoholism is a widely recognized problem in our society as a disease that negatively affects the human body and the mind.
According the Mayo Clinic, a person with this disease has problems ashio-midori.comng [and] being preoccupied with alcohol as well as physical dependence and the inability to stop drinking without having withdrawal.
The Social Problem The social problem that was identified in the helping relationship is a return to alcohol use or relapse. The participant in the helping project admitted she had been in substance abuse treatment twice, but was unable to remain abstinent from alcohol use.
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